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Thursday, June 13, 2019

Hostas in the Fairy Garden!

  




A fairy garden by design is a miniature garden complete with structure, accessories and living plants. It's a nice tiny space designed to lure in good luck through visits from fairies and pixies.


There are as many ways to design a fairy garden as there are gardeners to design them. Designs can include anything from Classical, Gypsy, Country, Fantasy, Gothic, anything you can dream up.







Mini and small hostas continue to be a popular staple in the fairy garden. They perfectly fit the bill as great fairy garden plants for a number of reasons including:


  • They're perennial plants. They can give you years of enjoyment instead of just one season.
  • They're easy to maintain. Hostas are well known for their toughness as well as their beauty.
  • They grow slowly so there's no need to switch them out yearly unless you want to.
  • There are small-leafed varieties that complement the small accessories used in fairy gardens.
  • They're low growing. Mini hostas are hostas less than 8" at mature height and small hostas are hostas that grow between 9" and15" in mature height.






Here are some basic steps for designing a fairy garden that is beautiful, easy to maintain and one that fairies will want to visit to bring you good luck.


Although you can create a fairy garden straight into your garden area or under a tree, a raised container will allow viewers to see the small details up close.







Choosing a Container



    Countless objects have been used to create a fairy garden. The above-pictured tire is an awesome idea! 


    Other ideas include wooden boxes, teacups, large hypertufa (concrete) planters, birdbaths, large round tins, half barrels. 


    Again, the choices are only limited by your imagination.






      Choosing Accessories


      The general guideline: Remember that the size of the accessories dictates the scale, not the plants!


      For a container 10" in diameter and larger, use accessories on a 1” scale.


      For smaller pots, 10" in diameter and under, use accessories of 1/2" scale






                      Accessory Ideas

      • Small birdhouses can be used as houses.
      • Paths can be made of pea gravel.






      • Small rocks can be used to create a bridge or wishing well.
      • Water in a small clay saucer can simulate a pond or lake.
      • Fences can be made from toothpicks
      • Ladders out of sticks.





      • A welcoming door in a tree can be made of carved wood scraps.
      • A seashell upside down filled with water can look like a refreshing pool or lake.
      • Decks or a boardwalk can be made out of popsicle sticks or craft twigs.
      • Got extra fabric? Make a Swinging hammock or maybe a clothesline.





      And don't forget the classic toadstool!




      Filling the Container

      • Make sure the container has several drainage holes.

      • Spread a half-inch layer of pea-sized gravel at the bottom for drainage.

      • Add the soil. For any mini garden, the soil is crucial for keeping the plants healthy. The soil you use will depend on the plants you use but any soil you use needs to be very porous. You can add some bits of bark to look more natural. If you're using mini or small hostas, any fertile well-draining soil will do.

      • No landscape is completely flat, so give the ground some hills and valleys



      Before you add the plants, it's time to choose your location; shade or sun or half and half. 

       

      Deciding whether your fairy garden will be in shade or sun is the first order of business. This will determine the types of plants you can plant there and may also help you with deciding on a theme.





      The plants!



      Choosing plants that have the same or similar needs for water and sun is ideal. If you view the fairy garden from the front, plant the taller plants in the back. 


      If you can view it from all sides, taller in the middle is very appealing. Many people feel adding at least one tree-like item will make it appear like a more natural landscape.




      Let's start with the shade to part shade. Hostas are perfect!


      Here at Sunset Hosta Farm, we grow and sell many hostas that fit the bill for fairy gardens. All of the hostas listed below can take some direct morning sun with afternoon full or dappled shade.  The more sun they receive, though, the more water they will need.



      Mini hostas

      Click on the name for more pictures.























      Other plant choices for shade include Irish Moss, Veronica, Mini Violets and angel vines for climbers or low-growing moss for grass.


      Plant choices for sunnier spots include Lamium, Corsican Mint, French Thyme ground cover, Alyssum, Ajuga.







      Any low-growing sedum like Elizabeth, Dragons Blood, Blue Star Creeper, Hens & Chicks, Small ornamental grasses like Little Bunny.



      ~~~~~~~~~~

      Fairy gardens continue to be a popular feature in gardens, and mini and small hostas are a great addition to them!

      ~~~~~~~~~





      Where to go next!


      Love hostas or know someone who does?

      Visit our website for great hostas at an affordable price!SunsetHostaFarm.com



      Saturday, June 1, 2019

      Don't Cut Corners in your Vegetable Garden!



      You Can Be Frugal and Successful!


      There are a lot of ways to cut corners in the garden to save money. Buying garden supplies such as containers, watering cans, etc from a second-hand store is one way. Building your own raised garden beds or trellises is another.


      But there are five categories of gardening items that you definitely should not skimp on.  Here's the list.



      Seeds


      I've learned this lesson the hard way. Seed trades over the internet seem like a good idea to save money until you find out later that the seeds are old and don't even germinate. Even worse can be the trade seed packets that are mismarked.



      You don't want to end up planting what was marked as a “Space Saver Cucumber” in a matching small pot only to find out mid-season that it was really more like an “Intimidator Cucumber" and have to replant it later. 


      Unfortunately by the time you find out the seed packet was mismarked, it could be too late to get the seeds you wanted and start again that season.




      The top seed companies are popular for a reason. Their seeds are more expensive, but it's well worth the money to get what you wanted and to know that they are fresh. Leave the seed trades for some fun garden experiments and not anything you are counting on.



      Soil


      Starting out with healthy well-draining soil will give you the best chance at growing healthy plants. If you're reusing container soil from last year, make sure you refresh the soil.

      For a detailed article on refreshing last year's potting soil, click here.

      For a detailed article on soil amendments, click here.






      Yard/Garden Tools

      Like any other endeavor, quality tools are important. You can save money by buying tools like rakes or shovels second-hand, but for those tools that actually touch your plants, snippers, lopers, and hand tools, spend the money on the quality ones. If you keep them cleaned and oiled before you store them over the winter, they will last a long time.

        

      Knowledge

      Whether that's a good garden book or joining relevant internet groups, don't skimp on knowledge. Having a good plan before starting the season involves learning what each plant needs in order to grow to harvest.





      Pre-Planning

      Haste makes waste, and that is true when growing food. Before your gardening season begins, estimate how much time you reasonably can spend in your garden and create a growing schedule that you can manage. 

      Add some time to do weekly walk-throughs just to examine your plants and take notes. A lot of learning comes from the experience of watching a plant grow through its entire cycle.

      This is also a great time to check for harmful animal or insect damage and correct it before it takes hold. Also, add some time to relax and enjoy what you're creating.





      Things to concentrate on are:


      Timing
      This is especially important when growing plants like tomatoes that take longer to come to harvest longer growing season. A late start may cost you a good harvest.

      Plant Placement
      Sun or shade or a little of both.  The right placement can determine the outcome.  Make sure each vegetable you plant is in a spot to get the right amount of sun.

      Fertilization
      Both the amount, the type and when to fertilize. Not all plants have the same needs. For instance, using a high nitrogen fertilizer on plants you grow for their leaves (like lettuce or spinach) is great, but if you use too much nitrogen on root plants, you'll end up with a lot of top leafy growth and not enough root to harvest.





      ~~~~~~~~~~

      If you save where you can and spend wisely, you can achieve a great healthy veggie garden at a minimal cost.


      Love hostas or know someone who does?
      Visit our website for great hostas at an affordable price.




      Friday, May 31, 2019

      Refresh Your Potting Soil and Save Money







      Leftover potting soil can look a bit spent after a year or two, but experts agree that it still has life-giving potential, especially if you take the time to condition it properly. 


      Once you learn the basics of healthy soil, you'll be able to refresh your old potting soil and save a lot of money by doing so.



      Pot potting soil and gloves

      What happens to potting soil over time?


      Potting soil is technically not soil at all. It is a sterile mix of filler ingredients and organic matter. Some manufacturers may add some starter fertilizer.


      Most bagged potting soil mixes contain a lot of cheap pine bark. You may notice that the soil level in the pots has dropped over the season due to the pine bark breaking down.


      If you noticed the water was pouring straight through the old soil in the pots, the soil has become water repellent. It has lost the ability to absorb and hold the water that the plants will need for good, healthy growth.


      Old soil can become compacted over time.
      It may harbor weed seeds and insects from its past residents if leftover from past occupants.

      The salts may have accumulated in the soil and on the pots forming a white ring.


      The nutrients have probably been flushed out over repeated waterings.

        
      handful of great potting soil

      The Goal:  Rich soil that smells earthy



      The goal is to create a potting soil that is:

      • Free of weeds and disease.
      • Aerated so the plants can get oxygen from the soil.
      • Light enough to allow water (and the air) to flow through the soil easily, yet be firm enough to support the plant.
      • Be able to retain the water without draining through too fast.
      • Be able to retain the nutrients that you add.







      Types of soil amendments.


        
      bag or garden soil


      Garden Soil (Not Top Soil)


      Garden soil refers to the loamy soils sold in most garden centers. It is mixed to incorporate a variety of soils and textures and usually targets right on the label a certain type of garden or plant.


      Advantages: 
      • It's sterile, so you can avoid disease, insects and weed problems. 
      • It's a far better choice for potting soil recipes over Top Soil because Garden Soil is made to mix with fertilizer and organic matter where Top Soil is not. 

      Side Note
      Never add soil from your garden. It is un-sterilized and may harbor disease, insects and weed seeds which can cause future problems such as dead, deformed or stunted seedlings or plants.


       

      chain fence surrounding compost in winter snow


      Compost



      A mixture that consists of various decayed plants and vegetative waste is added to the soil to help plants grow.


      Advantages: 
      • It will suppress disease. 
      • It retains minerals. 
      • It provides moisture and plant food. 
      • It improves the structure of the soil. 
      • It adds several macro and micronutrients to the soil along with several trace elements. 
      • The compost will be more alkaline and is the better choice instead of Peat Moss for Boxwoods, Hydrangeas, Lavender, and Thyme. 


        
      bag of peat moss

      The “Peats”
      Coconut Peat, Peat Moss, and Sphagnum Peat Moss.



      These are types of Peat generally added to potting soils. Here are some of the advantages:


      • Peats are highly absorbent material.
      • Peats retain water well.
      • Peats are a sterile medium.
      • Each type of Peat is listed below with the advantages and disadvantages of each.


      Coconut Peat


      This is a by-product of the coconut processing industry. It's the finer product that's left behind in processing.



      Advantages:
      • Coconut Peat doesn't break down as quickly as Peat Moss does. 
      • It's a renewable resource, unlike Peat Moss. 
      • It lasts much longer in your soil than Peat Moss. 
      • It has a more neutral pH than Peat Moss and is good for flowering and fruiting plants that prefer a neutral pH. 



      Peat Moss/Sphagnum Peat Moss



      These are the dead fibrous materials that form when mosses and other living material decompose in peat bogs. Both come in convenient dry, light-weight compact blocks and can be found at garden centers.


      Advantages: 
      • It has an acid pH and is ideal for acid-loving plants such as blueberries, camellias, hostas, etc. 


      Disadvantages:

      • It is composed mostly of moss, and since the process of decomposition is so slow, it is not considered a renewable resource. 
      • It tends to become water repellent as its moisture content drops to below 30%. 
      • It compacts quickly. 





      Vemiculite and Perlite



      Vermiculite and Perlite


      These filler materials are frequently added to potting soils for their ability to lighten and aerate the soil.




      Perlite


      Perlite is the round white styrofoam-looking specks you see in potting soil.


      Advantages: 
      • It helps to aerate the soil. 
      • It aids in water retention. 



      Disadvantages:


      • It has a tendency to float to the top of the medium when watered. 
      • Perlite dust is harmful if inhaled and should be moistened before you mix it in. A mask is also recommended when using it. 



      Vermiculite


      Vermiculite is the sparking particles that you often see in potting mixes. It is a natural volcanic mineral that has been expanded with heat to increase its water-holding capacity.



      Advantages: 


      • It is more superior than Perlite for water retention. The particles soak up the moisture and nutrients and keep them in the mix so the plants can access them. 
      • It's a permanent ingredient that won't deteriorate or lose volume in the mix. 
      • It is also sterile and will not become moldy or rot. 


      Disadvantage:

      • It can easily compact. 




      Sand Coarse or Builder's Sand



      A primary ingredient in potting mixes.
      Advantages:
      • Sand improves drainage. 
      • It aerates the soil. 

      Disadvantages:
      • It does not improve water-holding capacity. 
      • Too much sand will make the mix too heavy. 




      leaf mold in wood bin


      Leaf Mold



      Simply, leaf mold is decomposed leaves used to condition the soil. The end result will be dark brown and crumbly.








      Advantages: 


      • It's easier to make than compost. Just pile it up and let it decompose. No mixing browns and greens. 
      • It increases water retention. It has been known to hold up to 400% of its own weight in water. 
      • It keeps down the weeds when used as a mulch. 
      • It provides a great habitat for soil life including earthworms and beneficial bacteria. 
      • It will lighten up clay soil. 
      • It will help prevent sandy soils from drying out too fast. 
      • It's a free, renewable resource! 




      assorted bags of commercial soil


      Ready to refresh the soil?



      Rule of Thumb: Considering your old soil to be “one part” you can mix in up to three parts of soil amendments. Frugal gardeners have reported good results with a 50/50 split.

      Pour out the soil from each pot onto a tarp placed in the sun. Spread out the soil as thinly as you have room for and let it dry out. Working with dry ingredients will ensure a better mix.


      Choose from the above list of soil additives and mix the dry ingredients thoroughly, then fill a few pots. Run water through to check and see if more amendments are needed for adequate drainage. The amounts you need will depend on how compacted your soil has become, and the nature of the soil you used previously.


      When you have soil that is well-draining and ready to hold onto water and nutrients, you will need to refresh the nutrients that have been flushed out the previous year.


      Your choice of fertilizers will depend on the plants you are going to put in the pots. If you had success the previous year with the fertilizer you were using, by all means, duplicate that.

      Dry out the old soil.




      Other Tips


      • Don't reuse any soil that has been used with a diseased plant.
      • Don't grow new or young plants in refreshed soil. Mature plants will fare much better.
      • Don't use refreshed soil to start seeds. The seed starting mix needs to be sterile for the best results.
      • Wash your hands thoroughly after mixing the ingredients.





      Disinfecting your pots before reusing



      Check the inside rims of the pot for white salty deposits. Excessive levels of salts can be detrimental to plant development.


      Check the pot for white fuzzy growth. This is caused by the soil remaining wet and soggy and not draining well. 





        
      Dirty terracotta pots


      To clean the pots


      • Remove any debris stuck to the sides with mild soapy water. 
      • Use a brush or steel wool for the stubborn parts. 
      • Use a solution of 10% bleach to 90% water to submerge the pot for 10 to 15 minutes. I use my big coolers for this because it also gets my coolers clean for summer use. 
      • Give the pots a good final rinse and set them out to thoroughly dry. 
      • If you added gravel to the bottom of the pot, rinse the gravel with the above bleach solution and rinse thoroughly. 


        



      ~~~~~~~~~~


      The cost of purchasing expensive bagged potting soil is a good enough reason to learn to amend the potting soil from the previous year. Save that money for extra plants! 




      ~~~~~~~~~~









        



        
      Love hostas or know someone who does?
      Visit our website for great hostas at an affordable price.









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